This Day in Halloween: Pioneering silent-film director Georges Méliès is born in Paris, France in 1861. / Illustration by Madison Kemp
Georges Méliès is born in Paris, France in 1861. The pioneering silent film director innovated many early special effects and narrative storytelling devices. His more than 200 films typically had fantastical elements and he is known primarily for A Voyage to the Moon as well asBluebeard, The Devil and the Statue, The Haunted Castle, The Cave of the Demons, and The Kingdom of the Fairies. He died in 1938.